Jargon Buster Criminal Law Category - J-L


Collective term for the judges, magistrates and tribunal members who deal with legal matters in England and Wales and, in the case of some tribunals, Scotland and Northern Ireland.


A body of citizens, normally twelve people, who are sworn in by the judge and asked to give a verdict on a case in a court of law.

Justice of the Peace (JP)

The official title of a magistrate. Charged with defending the peace of the area they deal with minor criminal matters and misdemeanours and preside in only the lowest courts

Law Commission

Independent body set up by Parliament to review and recommend reform of the law in England and Wales.


General term for someone practising law, such as a solicitor or barrister.